HFM 446 Lambda Small

Heat Flow Meter

Saving and Efficient use of Energy

Never before has the topic of the saving and efficient use of energy attracted as much attention in economics and politics around the globe as it does today. Research and development efforts in industry and academia worldwide are addressing topics that contribute to saving energy or generating energy from alternative resources.

There is enormous potential, especially in the areas of insulation materials and the efficient thermal insulation of residential and commercial buildings. It is thus all the more important for insulating materials to be able to be manufactured with a high and steady level of quality and brought onto the market under strict control of their performance characteristics.

There are numerous standards and guidelines to which these products are subject in order to really guarantee these properties for the huge amounts of insulating materials being produced worldwide.

Material Parameter Thermal Conductivity

The most important role here is played by the material parameter thermal conductivity (amount of heat per second flowing through a material layer of a thickness of 1 meter and an area of 1 m² when the temperature difference amounts to 1 K). The thicker the material layer through which the heat flows, the higher the thermal resistance (R-Value) that the material layer presents to the quantity of heat to be transported. The reciprocal value of the thermal resistance is the thermal transmittance (U-Value), usually specified for structural components.

No matter whether for expanded polystyrene (EPS), extruded polystyrene (XPS), PU rigid foam, mineral wool, bloated perlite or foam glass, cork, fleece or natural fiber materials – no matter whether for building materials containing phase change materials, aerogels, concrete, plaster or polymers – the new HFM 446 Lambda Small features a new standardized method for the measurement of thermal conductivity which is equally applicable in research and development and in quality assurance.

A temperature gradient is set between two plates through the material to be measured. By means of two highly accurate heat-flow sensors in the plates, the heat flow into the material and out of the material, respectively, is measured. If the state of equilibrium of the system is reached and the heat flow is constant, the thermal conductivity can be calculated with the help of the Fourier equation as long as the measurement area and thickness of the sample are known.

Benefits

  • Thermal Conductivity Measurements
    On insulating materials, polymers, phase-change materials, aerogels, non-wovens and many more
  • Based on Standards
    ASTM C518
    ISO 8301
    DIN EN 12664
    DIN EN 12667
    JIS A1412
  • Two Ways of Measurement
    • Connected with a computer and the unmatched new SmartMode software
    • Simple use of stand-alone instrument with integrated printer
  • Traceable at any time and to 100%
    Factory calibrated with certified reference materials (IRMM 440 and NIST SRM 1450D)
  • Best Test Conditions
    Closed test chamber minimizes influence of the environment and reduces condensation risks
  • Innovative Sample Thickness and Parallelism Measurement
    By two-axis inclinometer
  • High Throughput
    Fast sample change due to motorized plate and door movement minimize disturbances on the plate temperatures
  • From Lower to Higher Conductivities
    The use of external thermocouples extend the thermal conductivity range to a higher level
  • Measures under Real Conditions
    Variable external load for measurements on compressable materials
  • No Waste of Time
    Complete QA-Documentation including Lambda 90/90-calculation just a click away
  • Works everywhere for everyone
    Multiple operating systems - multiple languages
  • Measurement of specific heat capacity (cp)
    Based on ASTM C1784

Key Technical Data

(subject to change)

  • Thermal Conductivity Range
    up to 2,0 W/(mK)
  • Plate Temperature Range
    -20 to +90 °C
  • Specimen Size
    203 x 203 mm
  • Specimen Thickness
    51 mm

You may also be interested in:

HFM 436 Lambda - Heat flow meter

With the Heat Flow Meter, HFM 436 Lambda, the thermal conductivity of large-sized, plate-formed insulators is investigated at a fixed or adjustable temperature gradient. The built-in computer – or an externally connected one – delivers the precise measurement data after a short compensation time.

GHP 456 Titan®

Innovative Guarded Hot Plate System GHP 456 Titan® for Determination of Thermal Conductivity of Insulations

LFA 467 HyperFlash® – Light Flash Apparatus

The new LFA 467 HyperFlash® features a wide temperature range, very high efficiency (with its sample changer for 16 samples), extremely fast data acquisition rates and an intelligent lens system (ZoomOptics) between the sample and detector.

DSC 214 Polyma
  • High Performance
  • Smart Measurement
  • AutoEvaluation
  • Innovative Identification
  • Easy Sample Preparation
  • Unique Concavus® Pan