TMA 402 F1/F3 Hyperion®

Thermomechanical Analyzer - Vertical Dilatometer

The heart of the TMA 402 Hyperion® is a highly precise inductive displacement transducer (LVDT).
This technology has stood the test of time; it is also used for dilatometers and allows measurement of even the smallest of length changes, into the nanometer range (digital resolution of 0.125 nm).

Simultaneous measurement of force and displacement signal

The force operating on the sample is generated electromagnetically in the TMA 402 Hyperion®. This guarantees a quick response time for experiments with a changing load, e.g. tests on creep behavior. A highly sensitive force sensor (digital resolution < 0.01 mN) continuously measures the force exerted via the push rod and readjusts it automatically. This sets the TMA 402 Hyperion® apart from other instruments, which use only preset values.

Vacuum-tight thermostatic measuring system

The entire TMA 402 F1/F3 Hyperion® measuring system is thermally stabilized via water-cooling. This ensures that the measurement will not be influenced by heat from the furnace or by temperature fluctuations in the local environment. All joints have a vacuum-tight design to allow measurements in a highly pure atmosphere or under vacuum. Pressures of less than 10-4 mbar can be achieved in the TMA 402 F1/F3 Hyperion® with the use of a turbo molecular pump. In combination with the integrated mass flow controllers (MFC) for purge and protective gases (optional in the TMA 402 F3 Hyperion®), measurements in highly pure inert gas or in oxidizing atmospheres can be optimally controlled

Precise force control

The electronic control system for the TMA 402 Hyperion® allows forces to be set in the mN-range. This enables testing even on sensitive materials such as thin fibers or films. The force operating on the sample can be altered via the software in a stepwise or linear fashion. This makes it particularly simple to carry out such analyses as creep or stress sweep tests. The premium version of the TMA 402 Hyperion®, the TMA 402 F1 Hyperion®, provides even more capabilities. From single pulse in rectangular or ramp form to continuous modulation with a freely selectable frequency (up to 1 Hz), every possibility is covered. This model is particularly well-suited for determining visco-elastic material properties such as elasticity and creep modulus.

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Modular ConceptFurnaces are interchangeable and compatible with other NETZSCH instrumentsSynergies in procuring and operating, easy and cost-effective expansion and retrofitting
Gas flows controllable via
Programmable atmosphere changeAnalysis of, for example, oxidation behavior without manual valve operation
Digitally programmable
force control up to 3 N
Force alteration (linear/stepwise),
continuous force modulation (TMA 402 F1 Hyperion®)
Determination of visco-elastic properties
A variety of accessories,
e.g. special sample holders,
immersion baths
 Expansion of the application rangeMeasurement of powders, liquids, pastes or metals (until melting), immersion measurements

Key Technical Data

(subject to change)

  • Max. sample length
    30 mm
  • Measuring range
    ± 2.5 mm
  • Dig. resolution (length)
    0.125 nm
  • Force range
    0.001 N to ± 3 N in steps of 0.2 mN
  • Dig. resolution (force)
    < 0.01 mN 
  • Modulated force
    Up to 1 Hz (only F1)
  • Final vacuum pressure
    < 10-4 mbar
  • Gas connections
    Protective gas, 2 purge gases
  • Temperature range
    -150°C to 1550°C


The software includes everything necessary for carrying out measurements and evaluating the results. Simple menu navigation and automated routines make the software easy to operate while allowing for complex analyses.

You can use the following software with this product: Proteus® Software, Advanced Software

Features specific to TMA:

  • Various correction possibilities for taking the expansion behavior of the system itself into account, as well as offset and sample length correction
  • Automatic adjustment of sign for force and displacement signal to the measurement configuration being used
  • Routines for the determination of characteristic temperatures such as onset, peak and final temperatures
  • Evaluation of glass transitions and softening points in accordance with DIN
  • Automatic shut-off at softening point
  • Expansion coefficients: Calculation and presentation of the technical and physical expansion coefficients
  • Automatic sintering step evaluation
  • Rate Controlled Sintering (RCS) Software: Sintering with a constant shrinkage rate (optional)
  • Measurements with variable force: Determination of visco-elastic properties


  • c-DTA® function:
    Evaluation of the temperature signal for endothermic or exothermic effects
  • Thermokinetics:
    Extensive characterization and optimization of sintering processes
  • Density Software:
    Determination of changes in volume and density until the liquid state
  • Peak Separation:
    The separation of overlapping effects


The modular design of the TMA 402 Hyperion® makes it unique among the competition
To adjust the instrument for the respective temperature ranges, all that needs to be done is to exchange the furnace. This can be done by the operator. If using the optional double furnace hoist, switching to a second furnace takes only moments.

Sample holder systems tailored to the task
Depending upon the question at hand and the geometry of the sample, the operator has a variety of sample holders to choose from. Holding devices for expansion, penetration, and tension measurements are available, as well as push rods and supports for analyses in 3-point bending. Accessories for the temperature range up to 1000°C are made of fused silica. For the high temperature range, aluminum oxide varieties are available.

In the TMA 402 Hyperion®, the thermocouple can be changed quickly and easily. Besides Type K, the S and E varieties are also available. The system electronics recognize the installed sensor automatically.

Special sample holders
With the help of special sample containers, the expansion behavior of powders, pastes and liquids can be analyzed, as can metals all the way to the melting point. Accessories for experiments on swelling behavior upon immersion are also available.

Evolved Gas Analysis (EGA): Coupling with MS / FT-IR
To analyze gases evolving upon heating (EGA), the TMA 402 Hyperion® can be coupled to a mass spectrometer and/or an FT-IR spectrometer.




Product brochure: Thermomechanical Analysis; Methods, Technique, Applications, 16 pages


Application brochure: Research and Development - Substances, Components, Quality Control and Process, Extrusion, Injection Molding, Coating, Quality Assurance - Finished Goods, Material Properties and Main Measuring Methods; 8 pages



Our poster “Thermal Properties of the Elements” shows the following values at a glance: melting point, boiling point, specific heat, heat of fusion, thermal expansion coefficient, thermal conductivity and density.


Our poster “Thermal Properties of Polymers” offers the following characteristic values at a glance: Glass transition temperature, heat of fusion and melting temperature, decomposition temperature, E modulus, coefficient of thermal expansion, specific heat capacity, thermal conductivity and density.

Digital Media

NETZSCH TMA 402 F1 Hyperion® for Thermomechanical Analysis

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