Simultaneous Thermal Analysis (STA) generally refers to the simultaneous application of Thermogravimetry (TGA) and Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) to one and the same sample in a single instrument. The advantages are obvious: The test conditions are perfectly identical for the TGA and DSC signals (same atmosphere, gas flow rate, vapor pressure on the sample, heating rate, thermal contact to the sample crucible and sensor, radiation effect, etc.). Furthermore, sample throughput Is improved as more information can be gathered from each test run.
Plastic bottles, textile fibers and films (for example, packaging for food) are well known applications of the polymer PET (polyethylene terephthalate). This STA measure-ment under nitrogen exhibits a step in the DSC signal below 100°C which is due to the glass transition. A corresponding increase in specific heat of 0.35 J/(g·K) was detected. The endothermic DSC peak at 81°C is due to relaxation, the exothermic peak at 131°C is due to crystallization and the endothermic peak at 255°C is due to melting. At temperatures above 360°C, the pyrolytic decomposition of the sample occurred with a total mass loss of 79.5%.