Biomass is plant or animal matter that can be converted into an energy source.  Biomass includes farm-grown trees, agricultural crops or remains, forestry remnants, municipal wood leftovers, animal waste, fibers, and anything organic that is available on a recurring or renewable basis. Biomass is converted to energy by burning, pyrolysis, gasification, anaerobic digestion, or by fermentation. Biomass can be transformed into other usable forms of energy such as methane gas or biofuels like bioethanol and biodiesel. Key biomass materials include wood pellets, sugar cane, corn stover, grasses such as switchgrass and miscanthus (elephant grass), sugar beet pellets, and even blue-green algae, which is converted into bioethanol. 

NETZSCH offers a variety of thermal analysis instruments for the characterization of biomass materials. The STA (Simultaneous DSC-TGA) and TGA instruments yield information on mass change behavior during combustion and pyrolysis as well as on moisture and ash content. The DSC-capability of the STA allows for the monitoring of energy release and determination of the rate of reaction. NETZSCH offers various high-temperature furnaces for the STA in addition to a unique high-speed furnace capable of heating at rates of up to 1000 K/min, effective for fast combustion and pyrolysis experiments such as the creation of biochar. NETZSCH STA and TGA instruments are vacuum-tight and are capable of coupling to FT-IR, QMS, and GC-MS for highly accurate composition analysis on evolved gases. The thermal conductivity of biochar, for example, can be determined using the NETZSCH high-temperature DSC or STA and LFA (Laser/Light Flash Analyzers).  

DSC 404 F1 Pegasus® – High-Temperature DSC

The NETZSCH DSC 404 F1 Pegasus®, High-Temperature Differential Scanning Calorimeter, allows the determination of specific heat and caloric effects in a broad temperature range with outstanding reliability, best resolution and accuracy. The high vacuum tight design, various furnaces and sensors, easily interchangeable by the user, make the DSC 404 F1 Pegasus® to an ideal tool for DSC measurements at the highest level for research at universities and development tasks at the industrial sector.

STA 409 CD-QMS 403/5 SKIMMER - Coupling System

Highest detection sensitivity through direct coupling of the STA 409 CD with a quadrupole mass spectrometer (QMS) - evolved gas analysis (EGA) method.

QMS 403 Aëolos Quadro - Quadrupole Mass Spectrometer Coupling

The QMS 403 Aëolos Quadro is a very compact mass spectrometer with a heated capillary inlet system, specially designed for routine analysis of volatile decomposition products of thermal analysis (instrument for EGA: evolved gas analysis).

TGA/STA-GC-MS Coupling

NETZSCH, in collaboration with JAS (Joint Analytical Systems), has forged a breakthrough improvement in evolved gas analysis (EGA). What sets the new coupling system apart is the fact that the start of the measurement is event-driven. This enables temperature-correlated detection of the substances released, which in turn allows for direct correlation with mass loss steps.

TG 209 F1 Libra®

Flexibility with the fittings of this premium instrument for thermogravimetry allow it to cover almost any imaginable application in the range up to 1100°C. The system has many outstanding features: BeFlat® function allows or immediate measurement upon switching on the unit, the system’s heating rates of up to 200 K/min allow for faster results, while its corrosion-resistant ceramic furnace withstands even fluorine- or chlorine-containing polymers, c-DTA® function for the detection of exothermal and endothermal reactions.

TGA/STA - FT-IR Coupling

Different thermal analysis systems can be combined with a Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrometer (FT-IR), which has proved its efficiency especially in the organic field (instrument for EGA: evolved gas analysis).

STA 449 F1 Jupiter®

With the STA 449 F1 Jupiter® NETZSCH is setting new standards. Unlimited configuration flexibility and unmatched performance are the foundations for a great variety of application possibilities in the fields of ceramics, metals, plastics, and composites over a broad temperature range (-150°C ... 2400°C).

PERSEUS® STA 449 F1/F3 Jupiter® – STA-FT-IR Coupling

The PERSEUS® STA 449 F1/F3 Jupiter® is an unmatched alliance between two successful instruments: the NETZSCH STA 449 F1/F3 Jupiter® and the FT-IR spectrometer by Bruker Optics. Its design is unprecedented and sets a benchmark for state-of-the-art coupling systems.